Hello fellow LLVM developers,

I was wondering about the semantic of aliasing.

Here are some examples where I am not sure if the two stores aliases:

Example 1:

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i) {

store A[i];

store A[i-2];

}

Example 2:

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i)

store A[i];

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i)

store A[i-2];

In the example 1, they do not alias in a single iteration, but they do alias at some point if n > 4.

That is, there is an execution path from one instance of the store to an instance of the other store such that they access the same memory cell.

In example 2 it is easier to see the difference.

I am somewhat in the fog here.

Best regard.

If you ask LLVM’s AA whether ‘store A[i]’ and ‘store A[i-2]’ alias, it should say NoAlias. When two memory accesses have addresses that depend on common SSA values (the PHI node %i in this case), then it is interpreted as having the same value in both instructions. In example 2, you should get a MayAlias result, the PHI in both loops will be distinct SSA values (even though you’ve given them the same name in your example), and we can’t prove that the memory accessed by the first store is disjoint from the memory accessed by the second. In any case, please don’t confuse our AA for a loop dependence analysis. Are you looking for a loop dependence analysis? -Hal

Hello fellow LLVM developers,

I was wondering about the semantic of aliasing.

Here are some examples where I am not sure if the two stores aliases:

Example 1:

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i) {

store A[i];

store A[i-2];

}

Example 2:

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i)

store A[i];

for (int i = 2; i < n; ++i)

store A[i-2];

In the example 1, they do not alias in a single iteration, but they do

alias at some point if n > 4.

If you ask LLVM's AA whether 'store A[i]' and 'store A[i-2]' alias, it

should say NoAlias. When two memory accesses have addresses that depend on

common SSA values (the PHI node %i in this case), then it is interpreted as

having the same value in both instructions.

In example 2, you should get a MayAlias result, the PHI in both loops will

be distinct SSA values (even though you've given them the same name in your

example), and we can't prove that the memory accessed by the first store is

disjoint from the memory accessed by the second.

In any case, please don't confuse our AA for a loop dependence analysis.

Are you looking for a loop dependence analysis?

That is most certainly what I am looking for.

I was wrongly assuming that AliasAnalysis would be a cheap

over-approximation, I was wrong.

Thanks.

Not in that sense. If you construct a MemoryLocation object from both accesses, set both sizes to UnknownSize, and then check AA->alias(L1, L2) != NoAlias && AA->alias(L2, L1) != NoAlias, then you can essentially get this kind of cheap over-approximation. You can also use the dependence analysis if you’d like (LoopAccessAnalysis, which is what the loop vectorizer uses). There is also an DependenceAnalysis analysis, which is more powerful in some ways. -Hal