clang and clang-sa do not detect uninitialized variable

Hello,

With the following code

//-------------------------

#include <stdio.h>

extern int t;

void use_b (int *b){

printf("%p\n",b);

}

void func(){

int b;

use_b(&b);

if (b)

b+=33;

}

//---------------------------

Running clang -Wuninitialized or running clang –analyze, I don’t see any warning for uninitialized variables. However, if I change the code to:

//----------------------

#include <stdio.h>

extern int t;

void use_b (int *b){

if (t==5)

return;

printf("%p\n",b);

}

void func(){

int b;

use_b(&b);

if (b)

b+=33;

}

//--------------------

I do see this warning with the static analyzer:

sa_try.c:13:9: warning: Branch condition evaluates to a garbage value [core.uninitialized.Branch]

if (b)

^

1 warning generated.

My question is why am I not getting any warning for the first case? Is it being considered that printf is updating the value of b in some way?

Thanks,

Ali

Presuming it has no knowledge of printf's semantics, then yes. that function could write through the pointer (and indeed would, if 'b' was an output parameter).

It could learn that printf doesn't do that (except for %n).

nathan

nathan

Hi Nathan,

Thanks for the reply. Can you please elaborate on how to let clang-sa to learn about printf? I tried using CTU analysis [1], but I’m unsure how to add mappings for libc functions.

Thanks,

Ali

[1] https://clang.llvm.org/docs/analyzer/user-docs/CrossTranslationUnit.html

Hi Nathan,

Thanks for the reply. Can you please elaborate on how to let clang-sa to learn about printf? I tried using CTU analysis [1], but I’m unsure how to add mappings for libc functions.

Sorry, I don't know. I don't know if clang/llvm have support for knowing about various builtin functions the standard library provides. It must have some (like say abs and sqrt). If it knew about printf, it could provide diagnostics when the variadic args do not match the format string, for instance.

nathan

Hi Ali,
By clang-sa if you mean the Clang Static Analyser, then you need to add a checker for that. You may want to look up the “Static Analyser Checker in 24 hrs talk” (1) and also Artem Dergachev’s LLVM conf talk (2). Also the CSA book will also probably help (3).
If you do make the checker, then we would love to have it as a patch :grinning:.
Warm regards,
Deep

  1. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=kdxlsP5QVPw&t=1956s
  2. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=g0Mqx1niUi0&t=1545s
  3. https://www.youtube.com/redirect?event=comments&redir_token=QUFFLUhqbFU4TThJZk9jRktXYUJkWHRlTFUtclUzUE1Yd3xBQ3Jtc0traDFjNnBuTlhaQ1lpaV9TV3pIRjFVUzN1MkRtRjVKY3RYNkdZWHREcU10emFkNEJHcThVWlVIZWNxT2NEcVh3RU1CVFo4Uy1mbWFIZ1NUazZnN1lzSkFjSlI0OG1SWWNTT3FJMEpEQnRyZnBoOXNabw&q=https%3A%2F%2Fgithub.com%2FhaoNoQ%2Fclang-analyzer-guide%2Freleases%2Fdownload%2Fv0.1%2Fclang-analyzer-guide-v0.1.pdf

Hi Deep,

Thanks for the linking all the resources! Yes, I meant Clang Static Analyzer by clang-sa. I’ll give it a try!

Thanks,

Ali