lldb print c++ variables from dylib loaded in Swift application

I'm writing a Swift application for MacOS that makes use of a C/C++
dylib from a third party to interact with a film scanner. The
application uses dlopen() & dlsym() to discover and call the C wrapper
function for the C++ implementation. Overall this works, but I've run
into the following wall while debugging an issue within the dylib
itself.

While debugging I want to examine std::list <T> structures in memory
by address. I am stopped deep inside the C++ code, and from what I've
googled, printing STL variables is possible through `frame variable`,
however for all of the functions within the dylib, `frame variable`
doesn't find any variables.

I've tried using `expr -l c++ --
reinterpret_cast<std::list<int>>($rdi)`, however this just returns the
error: "use of undeclared identifier 'std'".

Is there a way to cast an arbitrary address as an STL type, and print
it out in lldb?

I know it's possible to write a custom command in python to do this,
but I'd really rather not write something from scratch if the
functionality already exists in lldb.

Thank you,
-David M. Lary

Casting to a std::list<int> is not a problem at all; however, the error that you are seeing is because LLDB did not find a type definition for std::list<int> in the debug information. Did you build the C++ dylib with full debug information?

Long-term it should also become possible to just import the C++ "std" Clang module into LLDB to get access to all types regardless of whether they were used in the debugged program and available in debug info, but this work isn't quite finished yet.

-- adrian

Adrian,

I did not build the C++ dylib, and it was not built with full debug
information; it comes from a third-party, so I don't control it.
However, from what you said, would creating an unrelated C++ dylib,
declaring the required types, and linking it into the project provide
needed types to lldb? Would I need to use the types to ensure they're
not optimized out of the dylib?

-David

I’m not perfectly sure about how exactly the type lookup operates, but I believe that this might work. You might want to try it out with just a simple hello-world example first where you cast a raw address to the list type. if that works, chances are good.

– adrian