llvm-ar llvm-link


I tried to build an llvm archive and link it against an llvm bc file. However, it fails. Following is the procedure I followed ( abc.c is file which calls a function whose definition is present in bcd.c)

$ clang -c -emit-llvm abc.c
$ clang -c -emit-llvm bcd.c
$ llvm-ar cr bsd.ar bcd.o
$ llvm-link abc.o bsd.ar

llvm-link: bsd.ar:1:2: error: expected integer
llvm-link: error loading file ‘bsd.ar

What am I missing here ?


Hi Ankur,

Why do you need archive in this case? The other way of doing this is to merge all bitcode files into single file:

$ clang -c -emit-llvm abc.c –o abc.bc

$ clang -c -emit-llvm bcd.c –o bcd.bc

llvm-link bcd.bc abc.bc –o merged.bc



Hi Ahmad,

Yes, merging works good.

However, my problem is like this - I have a C library which consists of 1000’s of functions spread through various files. The functions do not have dependency amoung each other. I want to link only relavant files( files which have functions called from my application). Since ar has a global symbol table, I believe it should be faster to look for a symol in the table and pull out and link the file to .bc of my application.

Is my understand regarding llvm-ar correct? Or is there a better way to achieve it?

One not-so-great solution I can think of is compile the library into separate .bc files and write llvm pass which has a predefined hash mapping of the names of functions these bc files. So while compiling, I look for only relavant files and link them using code form llvm-link.

OR. rather than linking the files, only extract the function from the library .bc file and insert it into module of application .bc.

Does any of the idea make sense ? Which one will be doable+preferable?

Thanks a lot,

Please help with the foreseeable shortcoming of the techniques discussed/ better alternate technique. These context for the problem is opencl builtin libs.